A short instruction set forth in the Prayer Book, "to be learned by every person before he be brought to be confirmed by the Bishop." The word "catechism" is derived from a Greek word, and means literally an instruction by word of mouth of such a kind as to draw out a reply. As it now stands, the catechism is really an "Unfinished Fragment." It was begun in 1549, under Edward VI. It was afterwards gradually enlarged, the commandments being given in full in 1552; the section on the Two Sacraments was added in 1604, and the "Duty towards my neighbor" was revised in 1662. The Catechism, as set forth in the Prayer Book, shows five general divisions, (1) The Christian Covenant; (2) The Christian Faith; (3) The Christian Duty; (4) The Christian Prayer or Worship, and (5) The Christian Sacraments or Means of Grace. The rubric at the end of the catechism provides that "The minister of every Parish shall diligently, upon Sundays and Holy Days, or on some other convenient occasions, openly in the Church, instruct or examine so many children of his Parish sent unto him, as he shall think convenient, in some part of this Catechism." The object of this rubric is that the minister may have opportunity to prepare the younger members of his flock for Confirmation. The Catechism from its comprehensive exposition of duty and doctrine and its simple, familiar style of question and answer is well adapted for the purpose. And on all the five points enumerated the children of the Parish may be duly instructed in their preparation for Holy Confirmation, if parents and guardians will be guided by the next rubric which directs them to send their children to the Minister for instruction.

American Church Dictionary and Cyclopedia. — New York, Thomas Whittaker. . 1901.

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  • Catechism — Cat e*chism ( k[i^]z m), n. [L. catechismus, fr. Gr. See {Catechise}.] 1. A form of instruction by means of questions and answers. [1913 Webster] 2. A book containing a summary of principles, especially of religious doctrine, reduced to the form… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • catechism — catechísm ( me), s.n. – Expunere a principiilor religiei creştine. – var. catehism, (înv.) catihis. Mr. catehisie. lat. catechismus (sec. XVI), datorită predicatorilor Reformei (cf. DAR). var. catehism se explică prin pronunţarea cuv. ngr.… …   Dicționar Român

  • catechism — c.1500, instruction in Christian principles, also elementary question and answer book of religious instruction, from Church L. catechismus book of instruction, from Gk. katekhizein to teach orally (see CATECHIZE (Cf. catechize)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • catechism — ► NOUN ▪ a summary of the principles of Christian religion in the form of questions and answers, used for teaching …   English terms dictionary

  • catechism — [kat′ə kiz΄əm] n. [LL(Ec) catechismus < Gr katēchismos < katēchizein, to catechize < katēchein: see CATECHETICAL] 1. a handbook of questions and answers for teaching the principles of a religion 2. any similar handbook for teaching the… …   English World dictionary

  • Catechism — A catechism (pronEng|ˈkætəkɪzəm; gr. κατηχισμός) is a summary or exposition of doctrine, traditionally used in Christian religious teaching from New Testament times to the present. [ [… …   Wikipedia

  • catechism — catechismal, adj. /kat i kiz euhm/, n. 1. Eccles. a. an elementary book containing a summary of the principles of the Christian religion, esp. as maintained by a particular church, in the form of questions and answers. b. the contents of such a… …   Universalium

  • catechism —    A catechism is a book or manual that summarizes the teachings of the Church for the purpose of catechesis andformation in the Christian faith. Some catechisms, such as the Baltimore Catechism, which was first published in 1891, use the format… …   Glossary of theological terms

  • catechism — n. (rel.) to recite the catechism * * * [ kætɪˌkɪz(ə)m] (rel.) to recite the catechism …   Combinatory dictionary

  • catechism — noun Date: 1502 1. oral instruction 2. a manual for catechizing; specifically a summary of religious doctrine often in the form of questions and answers 3. a. a set of formal questions put as a test b. something resembling a catechism …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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